Based on an analysis of PEKKA’s resources available over time, from the year of its establishment until now, the year 2015 witnessed a declining trend in resources accessible to PEKKA. Without overlooking the possibility of reaching greater heights, it is now time to stand back for a moment and reflect on the upward journey that PEKKA has navigated through, and meticulously take stock of the situation in order to stride confidently into the future. 2015 was also a momentous year for PEKKA as it undertook two critical measures which will further support PEKKA’s ability to ensure its continued presence. PEKKA not only deemed it necessary to establish a Reform Team, but also made the decision to launch a new initiative to develop PARADIGTA Academy into an educational institution. In addition, the KLIK-PEKKA and Alta Karya initiatives were also further developed in 2015 with much clearer direction to ensure their sustainability.
The PEKKA Reform Team which consists of the PEKKA National Secretariat, field facilitators, executives of the Federation of PEKKA Unions, and executives of PEKKA Unions, was conferred with the mandate to design an institutional mechanism to unify all organizations and elements that were established and developed through PEKKA processes in the past 14 years. PARADIGTA Academy on the other hand, is an initiative to develop a structured educational institution based on experiences gained in developing PEKKA cadres through the years in response to the reality in rural areas where grassroots women are often denied the privilege to participate in decision-making processes. The establishment of PARADIGTA Academy coincided with the enforcement of Law No. 6/2014 on Rural Areas which essentially is intended to open up more space and greater opportunities for women and other marginal groups to be actively involved in developing their respective villages.
2014 is a pivotal year not only for PEKKA but also for Indonesia. This is the year of General Election where citizens had a chance to elect their representatives as well as President and Vice President in direct election. As citizen, PEKKA community is actively involved as active voters and candidates. Compared to the previous election, the number of PEKKA cadres running for the House of Representative was increasing. Although none of them won, the political learning gained through this experience is highly important for both the candidates and members of PEKKA as a whole.
““Women heads of household consist of women-headed households (17.3%) and female breadwinners in male-headed households or FMHH (5.8%)” (SPKBK - PEKKA 2012)"
Since PEKKA was founded over 13 years ago, we have staunchly maintained that the number of women household heads are much higher than official figures released by the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) which at the time showed that 13% of households are headed by women. This analysis is principally based on PEKKA’s direct field observations. We are fully aware that this may not be compelling evidence as PEKKA works within a limited territorial scope given Indonesia’s vastness. By the end of 2011, we were eventually afforded with the opportunity to conduct a poverty monitoring and evaluation exercise by launching a study known as SPKBK (community-based welfare monitoring system). This census was carried out in 111 villages under PEKKA’s facilitation to look into different aspects relating to women heads of household, including in terms of numbers, profile and poverty level. Towards the end of 2013, results from SPKBK-PEKKA were discussed openly with stakeholders, including the government at various levels, and PEKKA communities.
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